Python+MySQL隨機試卷及答案生成程序的示例代碼

一、背景

本文章主要是分享如何使用Python從MySQL數據庫中面抽取試題,生成的試卷每一份都不一樣。

二、準備工作

1.安裝Python3

下載地址:https://www.python.org/downloads/windows/

2.安裝庫

pip installpython-docx==0.8.10

pip installPyMySQL==1.0.2

3.試題庫.xlsx

開發程序前需要先收集試題,本文是將試題收集存放MySQL數據庫中,格式如下:

選擇題數據庫截圖:

填空題/解答題/綜合題數據庫截圖:

三、代碼

Python+MySQL隨機試卷及答案生成程序.py

# _*_ coding:utf-8 _*_
import random,os,pymysql
from docx import Document
from docx.shared import Inches,Pt
from docx.enum.text import WD_ALIGN_PARAGRAPH,WD_LINE_SPACING
from docx.oxml.ns import qn
from docx.shared import Inches

class SunckSql():
 def __init__(self, host, user, passwd, dbName='', charset='utf8'):
  self.host = host
  self.user = user
  self.passwd = passwd
  self.dbName = dbName
  self.charset = charset

 def connet(self):
  self.db = pymysql.connect(host=self.host, user=self.user, passwd=self.passwd, db=self.dbName,
         charset=self.charset) # 連接數據庫
  self.cursor = self.db.cursor() # 獲取操作遊標

 def close(self):
  self.cursor.close() # 釋放遊標
  self.db.close() # 關閉數據庫連接

 # 查詢
 def get_all(self, sql):
  res = None
  try:
   self.connet()
   self.cursor.execute(sql) # 執行sql語句
   res = self.cursor.fetchall() # 返回查詢所有結果
  except Exception as e:
   print('查詢失敗:%s' % e)
  finally:
   self.close()
  return res

 # 增加、刪除、修改
 def shell_sql(self, sql):
  "執行sql語句"
  print(sql)
  count = 0
  try:
   self.connet()
   count = self.cursor.execute(sql) # 執行sql語句
   self.db.commit() # 提交
  except Exception as e:
   print('事務提交失敗:%s' % e)
   self.db.rollback() # 如果提交失敗,回滾到上一次數據
  finally:
   self.close()
  return count

def router_docx(choice1='', choice2='', choice3='', choice5='', choice6='', choice7='',paper_path='',name='1'):
 "生成網絡通信方向試題及答案"
 docx1 = Document()
 docx2 = Document()
 docx1.styles['Normal'].font.name = '宋體'         #選擇字體
 docx1.styles['Normal']._element.rPr.rFonts.set(qn('w:eastAsia'), '宋體') #默認字體
 docx1.styles['Normal'].font.size = Pt(11)        #默認字號大小
 docx1.styles['Normal'].paragraph_format.space_before = Pt(0)    #默認段前間距
 docx1.styles['Normal'].paragraph_format.space_after = Pt(0)    #默認段後間距
 docx1.styles['Normal'].paragraph_format.line_spacing_rule = WD_LINE_SPACING.ONE_POINT_FIVE #默認單倍行距
 sec = docx1.sections[0]             # sections對應文檔中的“節”
 sec.left_margin = Inches(1)            # 設置左頁面邊距
 sec.right_margin = Inches(1)            #設置右頁面邊距
 sec.top_margin = Inches(0.5)            # 設置上頁面邊距
 sec.bottom_margin = Inches(0.5)           #設置下頁面邊距

 p=docx1.add_paragraph()             #添加段落
 run = p.add_run('軟件測試(網絡通信)方向試題(%s)' % name)      #使用add_run添加文字
 run.font.name = '微軟雅黑'             #設置字體
 run._element.rPr.rFonts.set(qn('w:eastAsia'), '微軟雅黑')     #設置字體
 run.font.size = Pt(18)             #字體大小設置
 p.paragraph_format.alignment = WD_ALIGN_PARAGRAPH.CENTER     #段落文字居中設置
 docx1.add_paragraph('【說明】')           # 添加段落文字
 docx1.add_paragraph('1.筆試時間為60分鐘。')
 docx1.add_paragraph('2.請將答案寫在答題卡上,且不允許在試題卷上做任何塗寫和標記。')
 q=docx2.add_paragraph()             #添加段落
 run = q.add_run('軟件測試(網絡通信)方向試題答案(%s)' % name)     #使用add_run添加文字
 run.font.name = '微軟雅黑'             #設置字體
 run._element.rPr.rFonts.set(qn('w:eastAsia'), '微軟雅黑')     #設置字體
 run.font.size = Pt(18)             #字體大小設置
 q.paragraph_format.alignment = WD_ALIGN_PARAGRAPH.CENTER     #段落文字居中設置

 p1 = docx1.add_paragraph()
 p1.paragraph_format.space_before = Pt(12)        #設置段前間距
 docx2.add_paragraph('一、選擇題')
 run = p1.add_run('一、選擇題(每題3分共45分)')
 run.bold = True               # 字體加粗
 list1=random.sample(range(0,len(choice1)-1),3)       #len范圍內獲取指定的數量
 x=1
 for y in list1:
  docx1.add_paragraph(str(x)+'、'+choice1[y][1])
  docx1.add_paragraph(choice1[y][2])
  docx1.add_paragraph(choice1[y][3])
  docx1.add_paragraph(choice1[y][4])
  p11=docx1.add_paragraph(choice1[y][5])
  p11.paragraph_format.space_after = Pt(12)       #段後間距
  docx2.add_paragraph(str(x)+'、'+choice1[y][6])
  x+=1

 list2=random.sample(range(0,len(choice2)-1),7)
 x=1
 for y in list2:
  docx1.add_paragraph(str(x+3)+'、'+choice2[y][1])
  docx1.add_paragraph(choice2[y][2])
  docx1.add_paragraph(choice2[y][3])
  docx1.add_paragraph(choice2[y][4])
  p11=docx1.add_paragraph(choice2[y][5])
  p11.paragraph_format.space_after = Pt(12)
  docx2.add_paragraph(str(x+3)+'、'+choice2[y][6])
  x+=1

 list3=random.sample(range(0,len(choice3)-1),5)
 x=1
 for y in list3:
  docx1.add_paragraph(str(x+10)+'、'+choice3[y][1])
  docx1.add_paragraph(choice3[y][2])
  docx1.add_paragraph(choice3[y][3])
  docx1.add_paragraph(choice3[y][4])
  p11=docx1.add_paragraph(choice3[y][5])
  p11.paragraph_format.space_after = Pt(12)
  docx2.add_paragraph(str(x+10)+'、'+choice3[y][6])
  x+=1

 p2 = docx1.add_paragraph()
 p2.paragraph_format.space_before = Pt(12)
 docx2.add_paragraph('二、填空題')
 run = p2.add_run('二、填空題(每題3分,共15分)')
 run.bold = True
 list2 = random.sample(range(0, len(choice5)-1), 5)
 i = 1
 for j in list2:
  docx1.add_paragraph(str(i) + '、' + choice5[j][1])
  docx2.add_paragraph(str(i) + '、' + str(choice5[j][2]))
  i += 1

 p3 = docx1.add_paragraph()
 p3.paragraph_format.space_before = Pt(12)
 docx2.add_paragraph('三、簡答題')
 run = p3.add_run('三、簡答題(每題10分,共20分)')
 run.bold = True
 list3 = random.sample(range(0, len(choice6)-1), 2)
 n = 1
 for m in list3:
  docx1.add_paragraph(str(n) + '、' + choice6[m][1])
  docx1.add_paragraph('\r')
  docx2.add_paragraph(str(n) + '、' + choice6[m][2])
  n += 1

 p4 = docx1.add_paragraph()
 p4.paragraph_format.space_before = Pt(12)
 docx2.add_paragraph('四、綜合題')
 run = p4.add_run('四、綜合題(共20分)')
 run.bold = True
 list4 = random.randint(0, len(choice7)-1)
 docx1.add_paragraph('1、' + choice7[list4][1])
 docx2.add_paragraph(choice7[list4][2])

 docx1.save(os.path.join(paper_path, '網絡通信試題(%s).docx' % name))    #保存試題
 docx2.save(os.path.join(paper_path, '網絡通信試題答案(%s).docx' % name))   #保存答案

def android_docx(choice1, choice2, choice4, choice5, choice6, choice8,paper_path,name):
 """生成智能終端方向的試題"""
 docx1 = Document()
 docx2 = Document()
 docx1.styles['Normal'].font.name = '宋體'          #選擇字體
 docx1.styles['Normal']._element.rPr.rFonts.set(qn('w:eastAsia'), '宋體')   #默認字體
 docx1.styles['Normal'].font.size = Pt(11)          #默認字號大小
 docx1.styles['Normal'].paragraph_format.space_before = Pt(0)     #默認段前間距
 docx1.styles['Normal'].paragraph_format.space_after = Pt(0)      #默認段後間距
 docx1.styles['Normal'].paragraph_format.line_spacing_rule = WD_LINE_SPACING.ONE_POINT_FIVE #默認單倍行距
 sec = docx1.sections[0]               # sections對應文檔中的“節”
 sec.left_margin = Inches(1)              # 設置左頁面邊距
 sec.right_margin = Inches(1)             #設置右頁面邊距
 sec.top_margin = Inches(0.5)             # 設置上頁面邊距
 sec.bottom_margin = Inches(0.5)             #設置下頁面邊距

 p=docx1.add_paragraph()               #添加段落
 run = p.add_run('軟件測試(智能終端)方向試題(%s)' % name)        #使用add_run添加文字
 run.font.name = '微軟雅黑'              #設置字體
 run._element.rPr.rFonts.set(qn('w:eastAsia'), '微軟雅黑')       #設置字體
 run.font.size = Pt(18)               #字體大小設置
 p.paragraph_format.alignment = WD_ALIGN_PARAGRAPH.CENTER      #段落文字居中設置
 docx1.add_paragraph('【說明】')             # 添加段落文字
 docx1.add_paragraph('1.筆試時間為60分鐘。')
 docx1.add_paragraph('2.請將答案寫在答題卡上,且不允許在試題卷上做任何塗寫和標記。')
 q = docx2.add_paragraph()              # 添加段落
 run = q.add_run('軟件測試(智能終端)方向試題答案(%s)' % name)       # 使用add_run添加文字
 run.font.name = '微軟雅黑'              # 設置字體
 run._element.rPr.rFonts.set(qn('w:eastAsia'), '微軟雅黑')       # 設置字體
 run.font.size = Pt(18)               # 字體大小設置
 q.paragraph_format.alignment = WD_ALIGN_PARAGRAPH.CENTER      # 段落文字居中設置

 p1 = docx1.add_paragraph()
 p1.paragraph_format.space_before = Pt(12)          #設置段前間距
 docx2.add_paragraph('一、選擇題')
 run = p1.add_run('一、選擇題(每題3分共45分)')
 run.bold = True                 # 字體加粗
 list1=random.sample(range(0,len(choice1)-1),3)
 x=1
 for y in list1:
  docx1.add_paragraph(str(x)+'、'+choice1[y][1])
  docx1.add_paragraph(choice1[y][2])
  docx1.add_paragraph(choice1[y][3])
  docx1.add_paragraph(choice1[y][4])
  p11=docx1.add_paragraph(choice1[y][5])
  p11.paragraph_format.space_after = Pt(12)         #段後間距
  docx2.add_paragraph(str(x)+'、'+choice1[y][6])
  x+=1

 list2=random.sample(range(0,len(choice2)-1),7)
 x=1
 for y in list2:
  docx1.add_paragraph(str(x+3)+'、'+choice2[y][1])
  docx1.add_paragraph(choice2[y][2])
  docx1.add_paragraph(choice2[y][3])
  docx1.add_paragraph(choice2[y][4])
  p11=docx1.add_paragraph(choice2[y][5])
  p11.paragraph_format.space_after = Pt(12)
  docx2.add_paragraph(str(x+3)+'、'+choice2[y][6])
  x+=1

 list3=random.sample(range(0,len(choice4)-1),5)
 x=1
 for y in list3:
  docx1.add_paragraph(str(x+10)+'、'+choice4[y][1])
  docx1.add_paragraph(choice4[y][2])
  docx1.add_paragraph(choice4[y][3])
  docx1.add_paragraph(choice4[y][4])
  p11=docx1.add_paragraph(choice4[y][5])
  p11.paragraph_format.space_after = Pt(12)
  docx2.add_paragraph(str(x+10)+'、'+choice4[y][6])
  x+=1

 p2 = docx1.add_paragraph()
 p2.paragraph_format.space_before = Pt(12)
 docx2.add_paragraph('二、填空題')
 run = p2.add_run('二、填空題(每題3分,共15分)')
 run.bold = True
 list2 = random.sample(range(0, len(choice5)-1), 5)
 i = 1
 for j in list2:
  docx1.add_paragraph(str(i) + '、' + choice5[j][1])
  docx2.add_paragraph(str(i) + '、' + str(choice5[j][2]))
  i += 1

 p3 = docx1.add_paragraph()
 p3.paragraph_format.space_before = Pt(12)
 docx2.add_paragraph('三、簡答題')
 run = p3.add_run('三、簡答題(每題10分,共20分)')
 run.bold = True
 list3 = random.sample(range(0, len(choice6)-1), 2)
 n = 1
 for m in list3:
  docx1.add_paragraph(str(n) + '、' + choice6[m][1])
  docx1.add_paragraph('\r')
  docx2.add_paragraph(str(n) + '、' + choice6[m][2])
  n += 1

 p4 = docx1.add_paragraph()
 p4.paragraph_format.space_before = Pt(12)
 docx2.add_paragraph('四、綜合題')
 run = p4.add_run('四、綜合題(共20分)')
 run.bold = True
 list4 = random.randint(0, len(choice8)-1)
 docx1.add_paragraph('1、' + choice8[list4][1])
 docx2.add_paragraph(choice8[list4][2])

 docx1.save(os.path.join(paper_path, '智能終端試題(%s).docx' % name))
 docx2.save(os.path.join(paper_path, '智能終端試題答案(%s).docx' % name))

def main(ip,name,passwd,db_name):
 paper_path = os.path.join(os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__)), '試卷') #試卷存放路徑
 if not os.path.exists(paper_path):
  os.mkdir(paper_path)              #創建試卷文件夾
 my = SunckSql(ip,name,passwd,db_name)           #連接數據庫
 choice1 = my.get_all("select * from %s" % '計算機基礎選擇題')      #查詢數據庫中的試題
 choice2 = my.get_all("select * from %s" % '測試基礎選擇題')
 choice3 = my.get_all("select * from %s" % '網絡通信選擇題')
 choice4 = my.get_all("select * from %s" % '智能終端選擇題')
 choice5 = my.get_all("select * from %s" % '填空題')
 choice6 = my.get_all("select * from %s" % '簡答題')
 choice7 = my.get_all("select * from %s" % '網絡通信綜合題')
 choice8 = my.get_all("select * from %s" % '智能終端綜合題')
 for i in range(1,4):               #同時生成3份試卷及答案
  router_docx(choice1, choice2, choice3, choice5, choice6, choice7, paper_path, i)
  android_docx(choice1, choice2, choice4, choice5, choice6, choice8, paper_path, i)

if __name__ == "__main__":
 main(ip='數據庫ip地址', name='mysql賬號', passwd='mysql密碼', db_name='軟件測試試題庫')

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