js通過audioContext實現3D音效

本文實例為大傢分享瞭js通過audioContext實現3D音效的具體代碼,供大傢參考,具體內容如下

前言

AudioContext的setPosition實現3D音效

效果展示

代碼展示

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>3D Audio</title>
    <style>
        body, div{
            margin: 0px;
            padding: 0px;
            text-align: center;
        }

        #cav{
            border: 1px solid black;
            border-radius: 4px;
            margin: 10px auto;
        }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
<canvas id="cav" width="320" height="200"></canvas>
</body>
<script>
    let Aud = function (ctx, url) {
        this.ctx = ctx;
        this.url = url;

//    source節點
        this.src = ctx.createBufferSource();

//    多個處理節點組
        this.pNode = [];
    };

    Aud.prototype = {
        output(){
            for (let i = 0; i < this.pNode.length; i++){
                let tNode = this.src;
                for (let j = 0; j < this.pNode[i].length; j++){
                    tNode.connect(this.pNode[i][j]);
                    tNode = this.pNode[i][j];
                }
                tNode.connect(this.ctx.destination);
            }
        },

        play(loop){
            this.src.loop = loop || false;
            this.output();
            this.src.start(0);
        },

        stop() {
            this.src.stop();
        },

        addNode(node, groupIdx = 0){
            this.pNode[groupIdx] = this.pNode[groupIdx] || [];
            this.pNode[groupIdx].push(node);
        }
    };

    //設置節點類型
    Aud.NODETYPE = {
        GNODE: 0 // 表示gainNode節點
    }

    //Aud管理對象
    AudManager = {
        urls: [],
        items: [],
        ctx: null,
        init(){
            try{
                this.ctx = new AudioContext();
            }catch (e) {
                console.log(`${e}`);
            }
        },
        load(callback){
            for (let i = 0; i < this.urls.length; i++){
                this.loadSingle(this.urls[i], callback);
            }
        },

        loadSingle(url, callback){
            let req = new XMLHttpRequest();
            req.open('GET', url, true);
            req.responseType = 'arraybuffer';
            let self = this;
            req.onload = function () {
                self.ctx.decodeAudioData(this.response)
                    .then(
                        buf => {
                            let aud = new Aud(self.ctx, url);
                            aud.src.buffer = buf;
                            self.items.push(aud);

                            if (self.items.length == self.urls.length){
                                callback();
                            }
                        },
                        err => {
                            console.log(`decode error:${err}`);
                        }
                    )
            };

            req.send();
        },

        createNode(nodeType, param){
            let node = null;
            switch (nodeType) {
                case 1:
                    node = this.ctx.createPanner();
                    break;
                case 2:
                    node = this.ctx.createScriptProcessor(param[0], param[1], param[2]);
                    break;
                default:
                    node = this.ctx.createGain();
            }
            return node;
        }
    };

    let ctx = document.getElementById('cav').getContext('2d');
//    定義移動點坐標
    let cX = 190,
        cY = 100,
        deg = 0;

    window.onload = function (){
        init();
    }

    function renderCir(x, y, r, col){
        ctx.save();
        ctx.beginPath();
        ctx.arc(x, y, r, 0, Math.PI*2);
        ctx.closePath();

        ctx.fillStyle = col;
        ctx.fill();
        ctx.restore();
    }

    function renderCenter(){
        renderCir(160, 100, 8, "red");
    }

    function renderCat() {
        renderCir(cX, cY, 8, "blue");
    }

    function init(){
        AudManager.urls = ["test.mp3"];
        AudManager.init();

        AudManager.load(()=>{
            let pNod1 = AudManager.createNode(1);
            let sound1 = AudManager.items[0];

            sound1.addNode(pNod1);
            sound1.play(true);
            timeHandle();
        });
    }

    function timeHandle() {
        window.setInterval(()=>{
            ctx.clearRect(0,0,320,200);
            let rad = Math.PI*deg / 180;
            let sx = 90*Math.cos(rad),
                sy = 90*Math.sin(rad);
            cX = 160 + sx;
            cY = 100 + sy;

            AudManager.items[0].pNode[0][0].setPosition(sx*0.1, -sy*0.1, 0);
            renderCenter();
            renderCat();
            deg++;
        }, 30);
    }
</script>
</html>

以上就是本文的全部內容,希望對大傢的學習有所幫助,也希望大傢多多支持WalkonNet。