Django中使用pillow實現登錄驗證碼功能(帶刷新驗證碼功能)

首先在項目裡建立common目錄,編寫驗證碼的函數

verification_code.py

import random

from PIL import Image, ImageFont, ImageDraw


def get_code():
    mode = 'RGB'
    bg_width = 180 #這個是驗證碼那個框框的寬度
    bg_height = 30 #這個是驗證碼那個框框的高度
    bg_size = (bg_width, bg_height)
    bg_color = (255, 255, 255)
    ttf_path = 'config/DejaVuSansMono.ttf'#這個是字體,從linux裡扒出來餓字體
    # ttf_path = '/usr/share/fonts/truetype/dejavu/DejaVuSansMono.ttf' #這個要換你服務器裡有的字體才行
    img = Image.new(mode, bg_size, bg_color)
    draw = ImageDraw.Draw(img, mode)
    font = ImageFont.truetype(ttf_path, 20)#這個俺也沒懂

    # generate text
    letters = get_letters()
    for index, text in enumerate(letters):
        x = 35 * index + 10 #這個好像是調那個字符間距的
        y = 0
        draw.text((x, y), text, get_rdmcolor(), font)

    # blur the background
    for i in range(100): #這個是設置幹擾線的,數值越大,幹擾的越厲害
        x = random.randint(0, bg_width)
        y = random.randint(0, bg_height)
        fill = get_rdmcolor()
        draw.point((x, y), fill)
    return img, letters


def get_letters(): #這個就是從下面這些字母裡去隨機4個出來
    base = '1234567890qwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmQWERTYUIOPASDFGHJKLZXCVBNM'
    result = []
    for i in range(4): #這個是4位,應該改更多位,那麼上面的參數還要調試,不然顯示有問題
        result.append(random.choice(base))
    return result

def get_rdmcolor():
    return random.randint(0, 255), random.randint(0, 255), random.randint(0, 255)

模板

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Title</title>
</head>
<body>
<form method="POST" action="login/">
    <p>用戶名:<input type="text" name="user"></p>
    <p>密碼:<input type="text" name="pwd"></p>
    <label for="verification_code">驗證碼:</label><input type="text" id="verification_code" name="verification_code"
                                                      placeholder="Please type below code">
    <img class="identifyCode" title="點擊重新獲取" onclick="this.setAttribute('src','verification_code?random='+Math.random())" src="{%%20url%20'verification_code'%20%}" alt="verification code">
    <br>
    <input type="submit" value="登錄">
</form>
<script>
</script>
</body>
</html>
onclick="this.setAttribute('src','verification_code?random='+Math.random())"

這個 onclick事件 就是實現點擊圖片刷新驗證碼功能 ,那為啥要加個隨機數呢,這樣就不會走瀏覽器緩存瞭

urls.py

from django.urls import path

from test_login_app import views

urlpatterns = [
    path('',views.index),
    path('verification_code/', views.verification_code, name='verification_code'),
    path('login/',views.login),
    path('index/',views.index2),
]

views.py

from io import BytesIO

from django.http import HttpResponse
from django.shortcuts import render, redirect

from common.verification_code import get_code


# Create your views here.

def index(request):
    return render(request, 'login.html')


def verification_code(request):
    img, letters = get_code()
    request.session['verification_code'] = ''.join(letters)
    fp = BytesIO()
    img.save(fp, 'png')
    return HttpResponse(fp.getvalue(), content_type='image/png')


def login(request):#我這個沒跟數據庫聯動,簡單模擬的邏輯
    if request.method == 'POST':
        name = request.POST.get('user')
        password = request.POST.get('pwd')
        code = request.POST.get('verification_code')
        if name == 'fuck' and password == 'xxoo' and code == request.session.get('verification_code', ''):
            return redirect('/index/')
    return render(request,'login.html')


def index2(request):
    return render(request,'index.html')

成品如圖

在這裡插入圖片描述

到此這篇關於Django中使用pillow實現登錄驗證碼功能(帶刷新驗證碼功能)的文章就介紹到這瞭,更多相關Django刷新驗證碼內容請搜索WalkonNet以前的文章或繼續瀏覽下面的相關文章希望大傢以後多多支持WalkonNet!