python 阿裡雲oss實現直傳簽名與回調驗證的示例方法

簽名

import base64
import json
import time
from datetime import datetime
import hmac
from hashlib import sha1

access_key_id = ''
# 請填寫您的AccessKeySecret。
access_key_secret = ''
# host的格式為 bucketname.endpoint ,請替換為您的真實信息。
host = ''
# callback_url為 上傳回調服務器的URL,請將下面的IP和Port配置為您自己的真實信息。
callback_url = ""
# 用戶上傳文件時指定的前綴。
upload_dir = 'user-dir-prefix/'
expire_time = 1200
expire_syncpoint = int(time.time() + expire_time)

policy_dict = {
  'expiration': datetime.utcfromtimestamp(expire_syncpoint).isoformat() + 'Z',
  'conditions': [
    {"bucket": "test-paige"},
    ['starts-with', '$key', 'user/test/']
  ]
}
policy = json.dumps(policy_dict).strip()
policy_encode = base64.b64encode(policy.encode())
signature = base64.encodebytes(hmac.new(access_key_secret.encode(), policy_encode, sha1).digest())

callback_dict = {
  'callbackUrl': callback_url,
  'callbackBody': 'filename=${object}&size=${size}&mimeType=${mimeType}&height=${imageInfo.height}&width=${'
          'imageInfo.width}',
  'callbackBodyType': 'application/json'
}

callback = base64.b64encode(json.dumps(callback_dict).strip().encode()).decode()

var = {
  'accessid': access_key_id,
  'host': host,
  'policy': policy_encode.decode(),
  'signature': signature.decode().strip(),
  'expire': expire_syncpoint,
  'callback': callback
}

回調驗簽

import asyncio
import base64
import time
import aiomysql
import rsa
from aiohttp import web, ClientSession
from urllib import parse
import uuid


def success(msg='', data=None):
  if data is None:
    data = {}
  dict_data = {
    'code': 1,
    'msg': msg,
    'data': data
  }
  return web.json_response(dict_data)


def failed(msg='', data=None):
  if data is None:
    data = {}
  dict_data = {
    'code': 0,
    'msg': msg,
    'data': data
  }
  return web.json_response(dict_data)


async def handle(request):
  """
  獲取連接池
  :param web.BaseRequest request:
  :return:
  """
  authorization_base64 = request.headers['authorization']
  x_oss_pub_key_url_base64 = request.headers['x-oss-pub-key-url']
  pub_key_url = base64.b64decode(x_oss_pub_key_url_base64.encode())
  authorization = base64.b64decode(authorization_base64.encode())
  path = request.path

  async with ClientSession() as session:
    async with session.get(pub_key_url.decode()) as resp:
      pub_key_body = await resp.text()
      pubkey = rsa.PublicKey.load_pkcs1_openssl_pem(pub_key_body.encode())
      body = await request.content.read()
      auth_str = parse.unquote(path) + '\n' + body.decode()
      parse_url = parse.parse_qs(body.decode())
      print(parse_url)
      try:
        rsa.verify(auth_str.encode(), authorization, pubkey)
        pool = request.app['mysql_pool']
        async with pool.acquire() as conn:
          async with conn.cursor() as cur:
            id = str(uuid.uuid4())
            url = parse_url['filename'][0]
            mime = parse_url['mimeType'][0]
            disk = 'oss'
            time_at = time.strftime("%Y-%m-%d %H:%I:%S", time.localtime())
            sql = "INSERT INTO media(id,url,mime,disk,created_at,updated_at) VALUES(%s,%s,%s,%s,%s,%s)"
            await cur.execute(sql, (id, url, mime, disk, time_at, time_at))
            await conn.commit()
        dict_data = {
          'id': id,
          'url': url,
          'cdn_url': 'https://cdn.***.net' + '/' + url,
          'mime': mime,
          'disk': disk,
          'created_at': time_at,
          'updated_at': time_at,
        }
        return success(data=dict_data)
      except rsa.pkcs1.VerificationError:
        return failed(msg='驗證錯誤')


async def init(loop):
  # 創建連接池
  mysql_pool = await aiomysql.create_pool(host='127.0.0.1', port=3306,
                      user='', password='',
                      db='', loop=loop)

  async def on_shutdown(application):
    """
    接收到關閉信號時,要先關閉連接池,並等待連接池關閉成功.
    :param web.Application application:
    :return:
    """
    application['mysql_pool'].close()
    # 沒有下面這句話會報錯 RuntimeError: Event loop is closed ,因為連接池沒有真正關關閉程序就關閉瞭,引發python的報錯
    await application['mysql_pool'].wait_closed()

  application = web.Application()
  application.on_shutdown.append(on_shutdown)
  # 把連接池放到 application 實例中
  application['mysql_pool'] = mysql_pool
  application.add_routes([web.get('/', handle), web.post('/oss', handle)])
  return application


if __name__ == '__main__':
  loop = asyncio.get_event_loop()
  application = loop.run_until_complete(init(loop))
  web.run_app(application, host='127.0.0.1')
  loop.close()

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